A reporter is someone who is responsible for gathering information, interviewing persons of interest, and create a story, either written or in video form, for written or broadcast media. Reporters are responsible for finding stories within their domain, such as a local community, a state, or nationwide, and produce a written or spoken product explaining the most pertinent details of what has happened. Types of reports include breaking news like fires, floods, and robberies; human interest stories such as a family raising money for a local organization; or general information stories, such as reports on an election. A reporter may work for a newspaper, online news gathering site, television station, or may freelance for any of these types of companies. In some cases, a reporter is expected to work with a photographer/photojournalist to put together a visual story.
To prepare for an interview for a career in reporting, the aspiring reporter must first research the location where they are looking to report. They must research important topics and stories from the area, important people in the community, and be familiar with popular locations within that city or state. An aspiring reporter must expect that in an interview, a news director or hiring agent will ask how familiar they are with the area and may quiz them on story ideas they already may have.
To prepare for an interview, an aspiring reporter must dress professionally and prepare to talk clearly and eloquently about their previous experience. News directors and hiring agents will want to know what kinds of stories they have reported on in the past and will want to know how much experience the reporter has in all types of situations, like in breaking news or a story of devastation. They also must be prepared to either send or show the news director examples of their previous work, including either published works, or video reports the reporter has produced in the past.