MockQuestions

Aerospace Engineer Mock Interview

To help you prepare for your Aerospace Engineer interview, here are 25 interview questions and answer examples.

Aerospace Engineer was written by and updated on February 8th, 2021. Learn more here.

Question 1 of 25

Talk about the negative effects that can come from loading an aircraft in an extreme tail heavy manner.

How to Answer

While there are many negative effects of a tail heavy aircraft in flight, this question is allowing your interviewer insight to some of your basic engineering knowledge. As you talk about the negative effects that this has on the flight of the aircraft, try to explain what these things happen from an engineering perspective to show that you have the basic knowledge for this role.

Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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List of 25 Aerospace Engineer Interview Questions & Answers

  • 1.

    Talk about the negative effects that can come from loading an aircraft in an extreme tail heavy manner.

      How to Answer

      While there are many negative effects of a tail heavy aircraft in flight, this question is allowing your interviewer insight to some of your basic engineering knowledge. As you talk about the negative effects that this has on the flight of the aircraft, try to explain what these things happen from an engineering perspective to show that you have the basic knowledge for this role.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

      1st Answer Example

      "To start with, the first negative impact that a heavily loaded aft has on an aircraft is a nose that pitches extremely upward during flight and this can cause major issues for the pilot like a power-on stall. These problems weigh the most heavily on the pilot during take off, landing and during flight. Because too heavy of a weight in the rear of an aircraft has a negative impact on longitudinal stability, light control forces make the possibility of overstressing an aircraft much greater."

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

  • 2.

    Talk about a home project that you are working on or recently worked on. How is this relevant to your career?

      How to Answer

      One of the most common interview questions for Aerospace Engineers, this question allows your interviewer to get insight into your motivation and drive outside of work by peeking in to a personal project you have undertaken. If you are asked this question in the interview, your interviewer is a believer that an engineer that experiments on their own time is more apt to be a harder worker on the job. As you prepare for this question prior to your interview, be sure to think about a project that outlines your personal motivation to make you a better engineer overall.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

      1st Answer Example

      "A current colleague of mine really got me into creating my own flight simulation program using MATLAB. I've always been very fascinated with the navigation and controls side of flight and this project has been a blast to help my teenage daughter become interested as well. We spent a couple of Saturdays with my colleague learning the ropes of creating flight simulation and now we are off and experimenting on our own and loving it."

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

  • 3.

    What software and coding skills have you developed over your career?

      How to Answer

      Today, Aerospace Engineers will be expected to be fluent in a varying degree of software programs used in design and analysis. Your interviewer will also expect that you have some experience in basic coding langue like Python or C. As you answer and describe all of the programs that you have worked in and feel comfortable operating, be sure to make it clear to your interviewer that you are easily trainable on new software you would be required to use for the role you are interviewing for.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

      1st Answer Example

      "Throughout my career to this point being six years out of college, I feel very fortunate to have been exposed a wide variety of design and analysis software. I am very fluid in CAD/CAM drawing programs and also am very skilled in Ansys simulation and design software. I am very fluent on just about any software program and if hired for this role, I wouldn't have any issue learning and becoming fluent in any new programs. I have also been trained in C programming at my current job and am confident in my ability with that as well."

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

  • 4.

    Why is fatigue stress testing so important for aluminum alloys used in the Aerospace industry?

      How to Answer

      High strength aluminum alloys used in the construction of aircraft have become very common in the industry due to their light weight and overall strength. But, due to the sheer harsh conditions that airplanes and other aircraft are put through, stress testing aluminum alloys for the conditions they will put to use in is very difficult. As you answer this question and explain why fatigue stress testing is important, make sure to go the extra mile to talk about the different kinds of testing that you are familiar with and why those particular tests are important.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 5.

    How does inclination of an airfoil effect the lift of an aircraft?

      How to Answer

      There are a few parts to this question that your interviewer will expect you to answer with knowledge and expertise. Starting with the airfoil itself, make sure to define what that term means in the aviation world. Then, go on to describe how the inclination of a wing , tail or propeller blade impacts the lift of the aircraft while in flight. To seal the deal on this answer, talk about different airfoil designs and why they are useful for the types of aircraft they are utilized on.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 6.

    In what situations does it make sense to measure absolute pressure and what situations does it make sense to measure gauge pressure?

      How to Answer

      At the heart of this question, your interviewer will first be looking to hear that you understand the basic concepts of the differences between measuring absolute pressure and gauge pressure. After you explain the difference, make sure to talk about specific applications of each pressure measurement in Aerospace Engineering and explain why that specific measurement is used in that application.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 7.

    What techniques do you use to efficiently and effectively manage your time in your work as an Aerospace Engineer?

      How to Answer

      While your interviewer will likely be able to tell if you can handle the technical aspects of this job by looking at your resume and your education, they'll be looking to hear how you can set yourself apart from others by having you talk about how you manage the busy work life of an Aerospace Engineer. They'll be looking to hear that you have effective project management skills when looking down the road while also having the strong ability to focus on what is urgent versus what is important. Talk about the method that you use to keep yourself organized and on track. While there is no right or wrong way to do this, they'll look to hear that you are confident in your ability to stay on task at all times.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 8.

    Explain the science behind how a pitot tube works in aviation.

      How to Answer

      This poses another question for you to talk about the science behind a very standard piece of aviation equipment, so be sure to explain in detail how a pitot tube measures the static and stagnation pressure to determine the dynamic pressure in the tube and what significance that has in calculating airspeed. On top of explaining how the pitot works to calculate airspeed, be sure to talk about any specific designs you have worked with during your career.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 9.

    What is fuel weight fraction and how does it impact total fuel consumption when planning flight?

      How to Answer

      This question serves as one chance for your interviewer to hear your talk about some very technical knowledge of Aerospace Engineering. While this is terminology that you should know like the back of your hand, it is important that you take the time to explain both how fuel weight fraction is defined and what effect it has on the overall fuel consumption of the aircraft. As you answer, be sure to thoroughly explain how the fuel weight fraction effects herformance of an aircraft and your ideas on what an ideal fuel fraction is.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 10.

    How do you define the standard lapse rate and what part does moisture play in changes to the rate?

      How to Answer

      For this question, it is vital to know that the lapse rate is defined as the rate at which the temperature changes with an increase in altitude. What your interviewer is looking to hear is that you understand that dry weather conditions produce a lapse rate of 5.5 degrees per 1,000 feet and 2 degrees per 1,000 feet in moist air. Based on those calculations, your interviewer is looking to hear that the standard lapse rate used in calculations of up to 36,000 feet is 3.5 degrees per 1,000 feet. As you answer this question, additionally talk about your knowledge of this rate and how it impacts flight.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 11.

    How do you stay up to date on the latest technologies in the Aerospace Engineering field?

      How to Answer

      In a continuously innovative and changing field like Aerospace Engineering, staying on top of the latest trends in new technology is vital to being a successful engineer. For this question, your interviewer will be looking to hear that you take part in some of the professional organizations in the field so be sure to talk about any of them that you belong to. As well, talk about any other publications, conferences or other trainings that you have received during your career and look to continue to participate in moving forward.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 12.

    What would you say is your least favorite part of being an Aerospace Engineer?

      How to Answer

      This is a classic interview question where your interviewer may be looking to hear your viewpoint on your own professionalism in the workplace or the reason why you are looking to leave your current job. As you answer, it is imperative that you answer this question in a positive tone while showing that you have the wherewithal to handle your least favourite aspect of the job with grace and ease. As you prepare for this type of question, try to focus your answer on aspects of the job that are out of your control and think about how you've overcome this aspect of the job in a positive light.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 13.

    What is a canard and what are the advantages to utilizing them on an aircraft?

      How to Answer

      While certainly newer in the overall design of specific aircraft, your interviewer will be looking to hear that you aware of what a canard is and why they are utilized in aircraft design. When talking about advantages, try to focus your explanation on the aerodynamic flow and how that impacts the flight for aircraft that utilize the design.

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  • 14.

    What made you interested in a career path in Aerospace Engineering?

      How to Answer

      Aerospace Engineers are a rare breed of engineers and it is a field that requires a firm commitment to the field. For this question, your interviewer is looking to hear where your roots are grounded and why you chose to put the time and effort into studying and working in the Aerospace industry as an engineer. While there is no wrong answer for this question, try to answer from an engineering perspective and interest while also describing your love for aviation and the aerospace industry.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 15.

    What is a wet wing and what are its advantages and disadvantages?

      How to Answer

      For this question, it is important that you are aware of the term wet wing and that it refers to an aerospace engineering technique that utilizes an aircraft's wing structure as the sealed fuel tank. But even more important, it is important to know the several advantages of the technique and the few disadvantages of the technique. If you have experience with wet wing design, this is a great question to talk about that direct experience and your thoughts on the design.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 16.

    What are the three axes of rotation for an aircraft and their corresponding fundamental movement?

      How to Answer

      As a basic question to help open the interview and get you comfortable, your interviewer may throw a question like this your way to help break the ice and for you to gain comfort to start the interview. Don't be taken aback by a basic question on aerospace, rather answer it confidently with ease. For this question, be prepared to talk about the lateral, longitudinal and vertical axes of an aircraft.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 17.

    What effect causes the "thrumming" noise you hear when a car window is opened on the highway?

      How to Answer

      As an Aerospace Engineer, your interviewer will look to see that you are able to bring basic classroom concepts to real world scenarios and this question presents one of those scenarios. We've all been in the scenario that the question poses when a car is at high speed and a window is cracked open. As the window remains opens, the sound produced can be as loud as a jet or sound like someone pounding a drum in the back seat of the vehicle. This effect is called the Helmholtz Resonance, so be sure to be prepared to talk about the effect and what causes it as you answer this question.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 18.

    Imagine yourself in three years. What do you hope will be different about you compared to right now?

      How to Answer

      Your interviewer is hoping to get a look into your future career goals and aspirations during your interview time with them, so they pose this question as a very open ended one to let you take your answer in your own direction. As you prepare an answer for this type of question, try to focus on your career goals and where you really want to grow within the aerospace industry. As well, be sure to research the company you are interviewing for to ensure that your future goals align with the goals of the organization. In the end, your interviewer will really be looking to gauge your long-term fit with their organization and you have the ability to really sell that with your answer to this question.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 19.

    What was the most difficult assignment you have been assigned during your career as an Aerospace Engineer? Did you complete the task?

      How to Answer

      With this question, your interviewer will be looking to see how your attitude and demeanor changes when you are being challenged by complex tasks on the job because they know that all Aerospace Engineers have to face challenges in their work during their career. This question also allows your interviewer a look at the amount of responsibility you were given in previous roles and how you handled that responsibility. As you think of the best example in preparation for your interviewer, be sure to point out a time where you were challenged and took the necessary resourceful steps to ensure the assignment was completed with success. If you are a new graduate interviewing for this role, don't hesitate to give an example of a time you were challenged on a group project during your schooling.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 20.

    What types of turbine engines do you have direct experience working with?

      How to Answer

      For this question, your interviewer will be looking to hear that you have at least some knowledge of the four types of turbine engines: turbojet, turboprop, turbofan and turboshaft. While explaining a brief knowledge of each, talk in a bit of details about the turbine engines you have direct experience in working with. Make sure that you do your research prior to your interview to talk about the most common type of engine you will be working with in the role that you are interviewing for.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 21.

    Talk about a time you ran into a significant roadblock in your work. How did you handle that situation to ensure a positive result?

      How to Answer

      During any engineer's career, they are likely to run into significant roadblocks in their work, whether it is on day to day duties or during a significant project. No matter what situation you talk about as you answer this question, your interviewer will be looking to hear that you are a resourceful person that uses critical thinking to solve problems. As you prepare to answer this question in an interview, think of an example where you were able to solve a problem using either people or tools to assist you in any way and try to demonstrate that you methodology was the one that made the most logical sense given the scenario.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 22.

    Describe any leadership experiences you've had during your career. What did you learn from those experiences that you can bring to our team?

      How to Answer

      Successful Aerospace Engineers are often asked to lead teams in research, innovation and design in their field. For this question, your interviewer will be looking to hear about any prior leadership experience that you have that will be valuable if you are hired for the role you are interviewing for. If you are an experienced professional, talk about your experience leading teams of individuals. If you have had teams of direct reports in a supervisory capacity, be sure to talk about that as well. As you answer, make sure to put emphasis on what you learned from your experiences that you still carry with you to this day. If you are a newer graduate, don't hesitate to talk about any leadership experiences you had during your schooling.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 23.

    How do you see artificial intelligence impacting the Aerospace industry in the years to come?

      How to Answer

      AI continues to show huge potential in continuing to change common fields like sales, healthcare and advertising and it continues to bring the ability for great innovation in Aerospace Engineering. With this question, your interviewer will be looking to hear that you have knowledge of the impacts that that AI can play in the field. They'll also be looking to see that you have a forward vision of how the future of the field can change more with its use. As you answer, be sure to talk about any direct experience you have with AI technology and focus your answer on where you feel the future of the industry may benefit the most.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 24.

    What does your typical day look like in your current job?

      How to Answer

      To gain some insight on how you would plan your day and work through issues if hired for this position, your interviewer is posing this question to you. While keeping in mind that there is not necessarily a right or wrong way to answer this question, your interviewer will be looking to pull some subtle characteristics out your work style in listening how you answer this question. As you talk about your typical work day in your current job, be sure to talk about how you prioritize your work and use your ability to be flexible when high needs tasks come up unexpectedly.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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  • 25.

    Why do you feel that Aerospace Engineers are important to society as a whole?

      How to Answer

      With this question, your interviewer is really looking to dig into your own personal motivation for being successful in your work as an Aerospace Engineer. They will be expecting you to be passionate about your work and by having you explain how the work in the field benefits the greater good, they'll be able to get a sense of your passion. Keep in mind that the last thing your interviewer wants to do is hire someone that is strictly working for a nice sized paycheck on a weekly basis. As you answer this question, point out some of the important breakthroughs in Aerospace Engineering and explain why they have had a major impact on society and make sure that your interviewer understands that you are looking to be a part of something bigger in your work.

      Written by Ryan Brunner on February 8th, 2021

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