How to Answer
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common. However, many times they can easily be prevented with proper education. Identifying risk factors for infection, instructing on preventive measures, and quick treatment can help ease the symptoms of and help resolve UTIs.
"Urinary tract infections don't always cause signs and symptoms, but when they do they may include a strong, persistent urge to urinate, or a burning sensation when urinating. Fever may be present along with abdominal pain."
Entry Level Example
"Urinary tract infections are more common in women and girls than in males. Teaching female patients proper cleaning techniques, such as wiping from front to back after urination, helps reduce the risk of spreading bacteria from the rectum or vagina into the urethra which can then enter the bladder and cause infection. Drinking plenty of water and avoiding carbonated drinks is also helpful to flush the kidneys and bladder of waste products."
"The urethra, the tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, is located close to the anus. Bacteria from the large intestine, such as E. coli, are in the perfect position to escape the anus and invade the urethra. From there, they can travel up to the bladder, and if the infection isn't treated, continue on to infect the kidneys. Women may be especially prone to UTIs because they have shorter urethras, which allow bacteria quick access to the bladder. For this reason, it is important to teach young girls proper procedure for wiping after voiding, which is to wipe from front to back. Having sex can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract, as well."