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What education would you provide to a patient regarding urinary tract infections?

1 of 29 Urologists Interview Questions and Answers Written by Darby Faubion

Updated on November 19th, 2018 |
How to Answer

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common. However, many times they can easily be prevented with proper education. Identifying risk factors for infection, instructing on preventive measures, and quick treatment can help ease the symptoms of and help resolve UTIs.

Professional Answer Examples
General
Answer example

"Urinary tract infections don't always cause signs and symptoms, but when they do they may include a strong, persistent urge to urinate, or a burning sensation when urinating. Fever may be present along with abdominal pain."

Entry Level
Answer example

"Urinary tract infections are more common in women and girls than in males. Teaching female patients proper cleaning techniques, such as wiping from front to back after urination, helps reduce the risk of spreading bacteria from the rectum or vagina into the urethra which can then enter the bladder and cause infection. Drinking plenty of water and avoiding carbonated drinks is also helpful to flush the kidneys and bladder of waste products."

Experienced
Answer example

"The urethra, the tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, is located close to the anus. Bacteria from the large intestine, such as E. coli, are in the perfect position to escape the anus and invade the urethra. From there, they can travel up to the bladder, and if the infection isn't treated, continue on to infect the kidneys. Women may be especially prone to UTIs because they have shorter urethras, which allow bacteria quick access to the bladder. For this reason, it is important to teach young girls proper procedure for wiping after voiding, which is to wipe from front to back. Having sex can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract, as well."

Written by:

Darby Faubion
Darby Faubion has been a Nurse and Allied Health Educator for over twenty years. She has clinical experience in several specialty areas including pediatrics, medical-surgical, critical care, and hospice. She has assisted in developing curriculum for nursing programs and has instructed nursing students at both the community college and university levels. Darby's passion is nursing education. She has used that passion as her driving force to become a test-taking strategist and prep coach. She has coached nursing graduates across the United States as they have prepared to take and pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX). In addition to her role as a healthcare educator, Darby also authors a blog that is devoted to helping victims of domestic violence learn how to recover and live a life free from abuse. She is also a contributing author to online sources of continuing education for nurses and healthcare associates.
First written on: 05/22/2013
Last modified on: 11/19/2018
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