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Veterinarian School Interview Questions and Answers
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Imagine the situation. You are working within your role and have a female who gave birth to 9 puppies. She can't feed them all. What would you do? How would you distinguish those that are undernourished?
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If I knew of any recently new females that have given birth I would try to see if that dog would accept them. Those chances are unlikely so then I would take bottle feeding seriously. Designate specific technicians for those tasks only. Undernourished puppies would be struggling to reach a nipple, often hanging back while the more assertive ones nursed, and had a lower body condition score than the others and developmental delays.
I would hand feed those puppies that are undernourished. Factors that contribute to undernourishment is a small size compared to the other puppies, the growth rate of the puppies and the activity rate of each puppy.
I would explain the situation to my client and a inform them that if we don't intervene, some of the pups may become severely malnourished and could potentially die. I would then inform them that, if they are willing, they could bottle feed a few of them. I would inform them of all the demands that bottle feeding puppies entails. I would also give them the option to leave a few of the pups at the veterinary clinic for us to bottle feed if they feel they are unable to bottle feed a few of them. The pups that are undernourished will be skinnier than the others and their ribs may be obviously protruding.
I would staff somebody to feed the pups in intervals and would monitor their growth and nutrient levels and would see if any other dogs gave birth to smaller litters to take care of these.
I would allow the mother to nurse as many of her puppies as her body will allow and I would select the undernourished puppies to be bottle or rag fed until they were strong enough to start eating solid foods. The undernourished puppies would be smaller in size, less mobile, and unable to compete for a teat compared to their siblings.
I would take over bottle feeding the puppies every 2-3 hours. I would distinguish those whom seem to laying farther away from mom or who don't seem to have as much energy, for example, not whining as much.
First I would locate the undernourished puppies, likely these are the small puppies who get pushed away from the teat, they were probably born later during the birth. These puppies would be weak and struggling. I would first try to get them some colostrum replacer and bottle feed them. If their condition did not improve euthanasia would need to be considered.
I would take the ones that could not feed from mom and supplement them until they could eat on their own. I would also monitor mom to make sure that she wasnt demonstrating signs of hypocalcemia, and perhaps supplement her depending on whether or not she needed it. Those that were undernourished might demonstrate signs of being less active, or less interested in eating. To combat undernourishment I would make sure that feedings were done based on current weight and an appropriate schedule of every 2-4 hours.
If the puppies could be fed milk replacer I would suggest caring for them using that by seperating the undernoruished pups from the rest. If milk replacer is not an option I would suggest euthinising the puppies that are not recieving as much npurishment in order to save them from starving tot death which would be a much less humane death. I would distinguish the undernourished pups by seeing which are gaining in size and weight and which are not.
Something similar happened in Nicaragua where someone dropped off a box of puppies to the animal shelter I volunteered at. In that case, they had another female that had puppies a few weeks back and used her milk. Here I would assume that we would use formula to bottle feed them. In terms of determining which are malnourished, I would probably look for signs of dehydration. Also I know that a big belly doesn't mean they are well nourished, sometimes the belly can be swollen for problems such as intestinal worms.
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